Planting and Caring for Flowers

Planting Instructions

Alyssum: Annual. Plant on the surface in full sun. Well-drained soil. Occasionally soak in spring and summer. Does not need thinning.

Baby Blue Eyes: Annual. Plant at 1/16” in moisture retentive soil where plant is to grow. This plant does not like to be transplanted. Avoid hot areas. Good for rock gardens or under rose bushes etc.. Protect from strong winds. Sow in fall or early spring. Keep watered to prolong blooms.

Bachelor Button: Annual. Plant at a depth of 1/16”. Seed must have darkness to germinate. Sun well-drained soil. Does not transplant well. Grow in clumps for good color impact. Pick dead heads to promote continuous blooms.

Baby’s Breath: Perennial treated as annual. Plant in full at sun with some wind protection. Lightly cover seed with compost or sand. Ground must be well prepared as these plants have deep roots. Cut back after flowering for a second bloom. Sow in spring or fall.

Black Eyed Susan: Short lived perennial. Full sun or part shade. Propagate in spring or fall. Can be divided. Blooms in late summer and fall. Needs water during the dry days of summer. Surface sow as it needs light to germinate.

Blanket Flower: Perennial. Sow seed on the surface as it needs light to germinate. Plant in spring. Keep moist until germination. Divide older plants in spring. Needs full sun, will tolerate heat and dry conditions once established. Good cut flower, long blooming season.

Bells Of Ireland: Moderately frost hardy annual. Excellent cut flower fresh or dried. Prefers full sun in moderately fertile moist, but well drained soil. Needs light to germinate so should be sown on the surface and barely covered. Will benefit from pre-chilling.

California Bluebells: Annual. Seed in spring in full sun at a depth of 1/4". Needs dark to germinate. Best sown where they are to be in early spring or fall. Full sun. Deep watering will prolong blooms.

Candytuft: Annual. Requires warm sunny position, well drained soil. Sow thinly along borders where they are to bloom. Thin to 6in. Can be planted in successive plantings to prolong the blooming season.


Catchfly: Annual. Just cover in well drained fertile soil in fall or spring. Will tolerate some shade. Best if planted in clumps.

Clarkia: Annual. Seed in fall or spring in sunny location. Cover seed lightly. Thin to 12 in as each plant needs space. Needs slightly acidic soil and do not fertilize as over fertile soil will produce great foliage but poor flowers. Good cut flower. Moderate water, allow to dry out between waterings.

Coneflower: Hardy Perennial. Full sun, regular water. Plant in winter or spring divide in the fall only when needed for new plants. Does not like to be disturbed. Needs rich composted soil for best blooms.

Coreopsis: Perennial. Full sun. Sow in spring in place. Cut back dead blooms until there is too many to cut back then trim all to encourage second bloom. Will reseed and grow for years. Good cut flower.

Cosmos: Annual. Full sun, will tolerate some shade. Seed in open ground in spring and summer or may be started in flats and transplanted. Reseeds itself easily. Sow after danger of frost is passed in not overly rich soil at a depth of 1/8”.

Columbine: Perennial, Sun or partial shade. Well-drained soil. Columbine do well in filtered sun under trees etc.. Sow in early spring or fall or start in greenhouses for transplanting. Sow on the surface, as the seed needs light to germinate. Best in clumps. Will reseed themselves or cut back after bloom to encourage further growth. Frost hardy.

Chinese Forget Me Not: Annual . Full sun or partial shade at a depth of 1/4". Moderate water once established. Frost hardy. Plant in fertile but not over rich, well drained soil in fall or spring. Blooms most of the summer. Do not overfeed as this will cause the plant to flop over. Will reseed readily.

Daisy: Annual/Perennial. Plant at a depth of 1/8"’ in rich soil, full sun. Can be sown where they are to stay. Do not over water in early summer. Pinch back spent blooms or select larger blooms and pick off smaller ones. Sow annual in spring, perennials in fall or early spring. English daisy may bee added to lawns for blooms and can be mowed. Flowers will pop back up in days.

Evening Scented Stock: Annual. Sow in spring on soil surface. Full sun. Stagger planting to prolong blooming. Shelter from strong winds. Does not transplant well. Fragrant and good cut flower.

Annual Flax: Best if sown in the fall or early spring. Sun. Sow seed in desired area, rake lightly then thin to 6in apart. Soil must be well drained to avoid rot. Re-seeds easily.

Forget Me Not: Perennial (Love and Remembrance.)

Myosotis Alpestris: Perennial. Seed should be sown on top of fertile well-drained soil but needs darkness to germinate so must be lightly covered with compost. Keep soil moist until plants germinate. Do not allow water to pool. Prefers partial shade, regular watering. Fertilize before flowers appear. Seed in early spring or fall. Grows 4-6 inches in clusters. Will re-seed once established. Use in rock gardens or in borders, under trees and shrubs.

Foxglove: Biennial. Naturalizes in shaded areas. Rich soil, light shade regular watering. Sow in spring. All parts of the plant are poisonous. Blooms until September. Cut back to encourage side shoots.

Love in a Mist-Nigella: Plant at a depth of 1/16” where plant is to grow. Sunny location. Nigella will reseed freely. Deadhead to produce more blooms if the pods are not wanted, however the pods are used for dry arrangements and add interest to the garden after all flowers are gone in late fall.

Mallow: Annual. Sow in fall or spring where plant is to stay. Grows quite tall but does not require staking. Needs sunny but out of the wind location. Cover seeds lightly then thin to 18in. Very showy, pleasing flower.

Marigold: Annual. Good border plant. Plant in well drained sunny location. Will tolerate poor soil but prefers fertile land. Remove spent blooms to encourage new flowers. Will bloom all summer.

Morning Glory: Annual climber, spectacular showy vine. Pre-soak overnight or score the seed to increase germination. Sow at a depth of 1/4" in full sun after frost. Plant in place. Keep moist until germination occurs. Can be slow to start. Blooms all summer, flowers open in the morning and fade in the pm.

Nasturtium: Grow in sandy soil. Annual, will reseed. Avoid soil that is too rich or you will have great leaves but few flowers. Plant at a depth of 1/4". Sun or light shade in spring or fall. Can be thinned or transplanted. This plant is edible and can be used in salads or as garnish. It is spicy/nutty. In warm climate this plant may live for a long time and will reseed itself giving ongoing plants. Tall varieties are great for hanging baskets or hillsides.

Phlox: Annual. Grows in most climates. Plant in fertile moist but well drained soil at a depth of 1/16”. Be sure seeds are covered, as they require darkness to germinate. Do not transplant well. Will tolerate some shade but best in sun. Pick spent blooms to prolong season.

Ca Poppy: Annual, will reseed. Sunny location, sow freely on top of soil. Keep moist. Sow in spring or fall in deep well worked soil. Mix with sand for even coverage.

Corn Poppy & Shirley: Poppies are frost hardy and prefer little or no shade, and deep moist, well drained soil. Sow in spring or autumn, most re-seed freely. Sow on surface of ground. Do not transplant well. Broadcast in a sand mixture for easier distribution.

Primrose: Perennial. Sow in well-drained soil or ideal in rock gardens. Will spread so give it ample room. Will tolerate dry conditions. Sow on the surface in spring or fall. Flower opens in the evening.

Rocket Larkspur: Annual. Full sun. Sow at a depth of 1/8" needs darkness to germinate. Needs rich porous soil. Sow in fall or early spring. Thin plants. Seeds and plant matter are toxic. Moderate water.

Wildflower Mixes: Be sure to mix with sand as the heavier seed will fall together and the light ones go with the wind causing uneven mixture. Keep moist until germination occurs, do not allow water to pool. Plant after frost date in well-drained soil. Cover lightly with rake. Cut back spent blooms to keep the area looking fresh.

Snapdragon: Annual, rich well drained soil, sunny location. Sow in early spring or fall. Thin to 6 inches apart. Cut back after first bloom to give a second crop. Cover lightly and keep moist until germination occurs.

Sunflower: Maximillian-Perennial Sow in fall or early spring Sungold-Annual Sow in spring where plants are to grow after frost. Rich soil and frequent water at a depth of 1/4 ”. Full sun. Thin to 12” apart leaving strongest seedlings. Divide and replant perennials every 2-3 years in spring or fall.

Sweet Pea: Annual fragrant flower. Soak seed to hasten germination. We do not inoculate our seeds as some people prefer not to use chemicals in their gardens. Sweet Peas have not been inoculated but may benefit from it as this protects the seed from fungus. Inoculant may typically be purchased in garden or farm supply stores. Plant not more than 1" deep 1-2 inches apart. When seedlings reach 4-5" thin to no less than 6 inches apart. Pinch out tops to produce strong side branches. Can be started inside in peat pots several per pot. Plant the entire pot 1ft apart and thin leaving strongest seedlings. Ample water. Seedlings need support or trellis to climb.

Sweet William: Perennial. Slow growing, hardy, self sows easily. Plant in sun with some wind protection. Plant with seeds just covered with soil. Ideal for mass planting, close together.

Texas Bluebonnet: Annual Lupin. Good cut flower. Soak or score seeds to help germination. Sun or part shade. Sow directly in place in early spring or fall at 1/8” deep. Poor soil. Must have darkness to germinate. Thin seedlings to 9” apart. Remove spent blossoms, as the seeds are toxic especially to children and cattle.

Zinnias: Annual. Great cut flower. Stagger plantings to insure flowers all summer long. Plant at 1/16" in depth. Thin to 12” apart. Do not plant too early, as they are tender. Full sun. Moderate water but only from below as overhead watering will cause rot.

Yarrow: Sow on the surface, as seed needs light to germinate. Can become invasive. Can be added to lawns and mowed as it will remain green during dry periods. Plant in spring.

Wildflower Mixes:Plant in a sunny location into soil that is well drained and as weed free as possible. The ground should be worked up to a depth of at least ¼ “. Spread seed that has been mixed with sand to facilitate an even distribution over area and rake lightly, just enough to cover the seed and keep away the bird banquet go-ers. Keep moist until seedlings appear, but do not pool water, as the seed will run into the low areas. Once the seeds are established you may want to thin them out although it is hard to know what you are leaving behind in a mix, it is better to sow seed thinly to give each plant plenty of room and not have to thin. Annual should be picked of spent flowers to encourage further growth. Perennials can be trimmed down in the fall after all bloom is done or simply left until spring cleanup- Most of all… Enjoy.
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